One Hundred and eight years ago the RMS (Royal Mail Ship) Titanic struck an iceberg and sunk in the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean at 2.20am, killing approx. 1,500 souls.
ICEBERG RIGHT AHEAD!
On that fateful, cold arctic April night, despite six iceberg warnings, Titanic hit the berg. A call was placed from Lookout Frederick Fleet to Sixth Officer James Moody. The famous words ‘Iceberg right ahead’ shouted across the line. The Quartermaster was then ordered by James Moody to turn the ship in order to avoid a head on collision.
This decision unfortunately doomed the ship. Although the ship avoided the iceberg, but instead struck the ice beneath the sea level, creating holes along the starboard side. This caused the plates of the ship to buckle and damaging the rivets causing them to split.
Gallons of sea water began to pour into the hold and boiler rooms, filling compartments and passageways. Through the deck hatches water began to poor in unevenly through the ship. This caused a slight angle to the ship with the bow (front part) of the ship sinking beneath the waves at a faster pace. Eventually this caused the stern of the ship to rise above the water, bob a little then finally sink below the waves at 2.20am.
Titanic consisted of 20 lifeboats. They could take up to 68 people on each. There were not enough for everybody on board, but at the time this amount was considered above the usual capacity required under maritime law. Around 700 people survived the titanic. The lifeboats would have held 1,360 souls.
There are many mysteries, and theories about the Titanic that still fascinate scholars and artists alike. The wreckage was found a little over 70 years ago, and the images are haunting, but very beautiful.
Further Recommended Reading:
Der Untergang der By Willy Stöwer, died on 31st May 1931 – Magazine Die Gartenlaube, en:Die Gartenlaube and de:Die Gartenlaube, Public Domain
Iceberg: The iceberg thought to have been hit by Titanic, photographed the morning of 15 April 1912 by SS Prinz Adalbert‘s chief steward. The iceberg was reported to have a streak of red paint from a ship’s hull along its waterline on one side.
Wreckage: By Courtesy of NOAA/Institute for Exploration/University of Rhode Island (NOAA/IFE/URI). – http://www.gc.noaa.gov/gcil_titanic.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18643198